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Our approach to treatment is always backed by continuing education and cutting-edge research. Below you will find articles and resources to help you educate yourself on your MyoFunctional journey.

Articles + Links

Click on the resources below and the articles and links will open in a new window for easier reading.

MyoFunctional Therapy

By Joy Moeller

➣ Myofunctional Therapy (General) Moeller JL, Kaplan DG, McKeown P. Treating patients with mouth breathing habits: The emerging field of   oral-facial myofunctional therapy. JAOS. 2012; March/April:10-12.

➣ Moeller JL. Orofacial Myofunctional therapy: The critical missing rlement to complete patient care.

➣ Mercola J. Oral myofunctional therapy – A breakthrough technique to treat symptoms relating to breathing problems, TMJ, headaches and other common ailments.

By Barbara J. Greene

 MyoFunctional therapy: What it is & how it can help

What a MyoFunctional therapist looks at

Thumbsucking & Other Parafunctional Habits

➣ Green S. Thumb sucking. Hygienetown. 2010; September.

➣ Paskay LC. Chewing, biting, clenching, bruxing and oral health. Oral Health. 2016; March 7.


➣ Ferres-Amat E, Pastor-Vera T, Ferres-Amat E, Mareque-Bueno J, Prats-Armengol J, Ferres-Padro E. Multidisciplinary management of ankyloglossia in childhood. Treatment of 101 cases. A protocol. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2015;

➣ Fetzik M. Case history #3: Posterior tongue-tie – the amazing story of Michale Fetzik’s 12 year search for migraine relief. Cranio UK. 2015; Winter.

➣ Huang Y, Quo S, Berkowski JA, Guilleminault C. Short linggual frenulum and obstructive sleep apnea in children. Int J Pediatr Res. 2015; 1(1).

➣ Marmet C Neonatal frenotomy may be necessary to correct breastfeeding problems. J Hum Lac. 1990; 6(3):117-121.

➣ Olivi G, Signore A, Olivi M., Genovese MD. Lingual frenectomy: Functional evaluation and new therapeutical approach. Eur J Paed Dent. 2012; 13(2):101-106.


➣ Cameron SL, Heath AM, Taylor RW. Healthcare professionals’ and mothers’ knowledge of, attitudes to and experiences with Baby-Led Weaning: A content analysis study. BMJ Open. 2012;2:e001542.doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001542.

➣ Marmet C, Shell E. Therapeutic positioning for breastfeeding. Supporting Sucking Skills in Breastfeeding Infants. Ed. Catherine Watson Genna. Sudbury: Jones & Bartlett. 2009.

Airway Issues

➣ Baugh RF Clinical practice guideline: Tonsillectomy in children. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011; 144 (1 suppl).

➣ Rothenbury A. Question & answer: Oral sensory-motor myofunctional, vocal tract, and airway information. 2016.

➣ Straub W. Malfunction of the tongue. Am J Orthodont. 1960; 46:404-424.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)/Sleep Disordered Breathing

➣ Camacho M, Certal V, et al. MyoFunctional therapy to treat obstructive sleep apnea: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep. 2014; 38(5):669-675A.

➣ Guilleminault C, Sullivan SS. Towards restoration of continuous nasal breathing as the ultimate treatment goal in pediatric obstructive sleep apnea. Enliven: Pediatrics and Neonatal Biology. 2014; 1(1).

➣ Guimarães KC, Drager LF, Genta PR, Marcondes BF, Lorenzi-Filho G. Effects of oropharyngeal exercises on patients with moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2009; 179: 962–966.

➣ Hockenbury D. Using myofunctional therapy as an adjunct treatment approach to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Int J Dent Oral Health. 2016; 2(3):69-70.

➣ Levrini L, Lorusso P, et al. Model of oronasal rehabilitation in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome undergoing rapid maxillary expansion: Research review. Sleep Science. 2014; 7:225-233.

➣ Mercola, J. Sleep Apnea in Children Linked to Detrimental Brain Changes

➣ Moeller J, Paskay LC, Gelb ML. MyoFunctional therapy: A novel treatment of pediatric sleep-disordered breathing. Sleep Med Clin. 2014; 9:235-243.

➣ Puhan MA, Suarez A, Lo Cascio C, Zahn A, Heitz M, Braendli O. Didgeridoo playing as alternative treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2005; doi 10.1136/bmj.38705.470590.55 (published 23 December 2005).

➣ Suzuki H, Watanabe A, et al. Pilot study to assess the potential of oral MyoFunctional therapy for improving respiration during sleep. J Prosthodont Res. 2013; DOI: 10.1016/j.jpor.2013.02.001.

➣ Villa M, Brasili L, et al. Oropharyngeal exercises to reduce symptoms of OSA after AT. Sleep Breath. 2014; doi: 10.1007/s11325-014-1011-z.


➣ De Felicio CM, de Oliveira Melchior M, Rodrigues da Silva, MAM. Effects of oral-facial MyoFunctional therapy on temporomandibular disorders.Journal of Craniomandibular Practice 2012; 28(4):249-259.

➣ Ferreira CLP, Machado BCZ, et al. Impaired oral-facial motor functions on chronic temporomandibular disorders. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2014;

➣ Wolford LM Orthodontic relapse: Can we blame it on TMJ? 2010; Sept.: 43-46.

Dental Orthodontics/Orthopedics

➣ Saccomanno A, Antonioni G, D’Alatri L, D’Angelantonio M, Fiorita A, Deli R. Causal relationship between malocclusion and oral muscles dysfunction: A model of approach. Eur J Paed Dent. 2012; 13(4):321-323.

➣ Smithpeter J, Covell D Jr. Relapse of anterior open bites treated with orthodontic appliances with and without oral-facial MyoFunctional therapy. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2010; 137:605-14.

➣ Subtelny JD. Oral respiration: Facial maldevelopment and corrective dentofacial orthopedics. Facial Maldevelopment. 1980; 50(3):147-164.


➣ Isaia B, Dagheti B, D’Angelantonio M. Effects of MyoFunctional oral-facial therapy on lips eversion and reduction of perioral fold wrinkles. EJCO. 2014; 2(3).

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